Important Information About Ohio’s Unemployment Benefits
In order to be eligible for unemployment benefits in the state of Ohio, the claimant (employee filing the claim), must meet the following criteria:
- Must be an employee (independent contractors/1099 employees do not qualify)
- Must have either quit with a good reason or been terminated without a good reason. If the employee quit without a reason or the employer was justified in firing the employee, then the employee will not qualify.
In addition, the claimant at the time of filing must:
- Be unemployed
- Have worked at least 20 “qualifying weeks” of “covered employment” within the “base period”
- Have earned an “average weekly wage” of $213
Each of these terms (qualifying weeks, covered employment, base period, and average weekly wage) are defined by Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS).
Once a claim is filed, both the employee and employer answer questions regarding the termination or quit, which are sent to ODJFS.
- The director makes an initial decision to grant or deny benefits.
- If the decision is appealed by either party, then a redetermination is made.
- If the redetermination is appealed, then the matter is transferred to the Ohio Unemployment Compensation Review Commission (UCRC) for a hearing.
- The hearing officer’s decision can appeal to either the UCRC board or the Common Pleas Court of the county in which the claimant resides.